Tuesday, April 21, 2015

Human Medications Top the List of ASPCA Animal Poison Concerns

ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center releases new app providing pet owners with quick info on 275+ potential toxins

NEW YORK—The ASPCA® (The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals®) and its Animal Poison Control Center (APCC) today revealed that human medications again top of the list of toxins most commonly ingested by pets, according to cases handled by the APCC. The ASPCA’s Animal Poison Control Center, headquartered in Urbana, Ill., handled more than 167,000 cases in 2014 involving pets exposed to possibly poisonous substances. Nearly 16 percent of those calls (26,407 cases) were from owners whose pets got into medicines intended for human use, putting this category at the top of the toxin list for the seventh straight year. 

“Just like children, our pets explore the world with their mouths. Unfortunately, our pets are much stronger and agile, with the ability to chew right through pill containers or jump to typically out-of-reach hiding places,” said Dr. Tina Wismer, medical director of the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center. “It is so important to keep all potential toxins completely out of reach, and to take your pills behind a closed door away from your pets,” Dr. Wismer advises. “If you drop your medication, your dog can scoop it up quicker than you can say ‘poison’.” 

According to the ASPCA, the top ten calls into the APCC in 2014 involved the following toxins, ranked in order of call volume:

  1. Human prescription medications topped the list again with 16 percent of all calls. The types of medications pets are most often exposed to appear to correlate with the most popular medications prescribed to humans. 
  2. Over-the-counter medications, which includes herbal and other natural supplements, attracted greater concern this year than in previous years resulting in approximately 25,000 calls. This category is exceptionally large, encompassing over 6,900 different products.
  3. Insecticides dropped to the third slot this year, with 9.1 percent of the calls to the APCC (15,000 cases). These products can be very dangerous if the label directions are not followed.
  4. Household items were the cause for concern in more than 13,500 cases. Paints and cleaning products are the most common items for this category of calls. 
  5. Human foods are especially appealing to pets, especially dogs. Dogs can get into serious trouble by ingesting onions, garlic, grapes, raisins and xylitol, a sugar substitute which can be life-threatening for animals. Approximately 13,200 cases involved human foods in 2014. 
  6. Veterinary medications made up seven percent of total cases in 2014. People need to be aware that chewable medications are very tasty and pets might ingest an entire bottle if it is not kept out of their reach.
  7. Chocolate ingestion is very common (this is the only category with one item in it). At the APCC, chocolate calls make up six percent of their total call volume – over 30 calls a day! The darker the chocolate, the more potential it has to do harm.
  8. Plants represent approximately five percent of the calls to the APCC and moved up a spot since 2014. Most of these calls involve cats and houseplants.
  9. Rodenticides are made to kill mice and rats, but they can also kill pets if ingested. APCC handled more than 7,500 cases about rodenticides last year. 
  10. Lawn and garden products round out the top ten, accounting for about 2.7 percent of all calls. Many of these exposures occurred because people did not store lawn and garden products out of the reach of pets.
In addition to sharing its list of the top toxins of 2014, the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center also released a new mobile app – APCC by ASPCA.  Featuring a searchable database of more than 275 toxins as well as helpful information for owners of dogs, cats, horses, and birds, the free app helps pet owners quickly and accurately identify common household hazards, toxic and non-toxic plants, potentially harmful medications, as well as warm and cold weather hazards.   

The app also features high resolution images,  potential symptoms for each identified toxin or substance, a built-in rodenticide poison calculator and a chocolate ‘wheel’ to help determine if your pet has gotten into dangerous amounts of chocolate. In addition, the app also gives pet owners one-touch access to the Animal Poison Control Center’s telephone hotline, which is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year. 

Information in the app is provided by expert toxicologists at the ASPCA’s Animal Poison Control Center, which handles more than 165,000 cases each year of pets exposed to potentially toxic substances. The app is a free download for all iPhone and Android users.


For more information about the top toxins of 2014, and other household items that could harm your pet, visit www.aspca.org/apcc. If your pet has ingested something toxic, please contact your veterinarian or the ASPCA’s 24-hour APCC hotline at 1-888-426-4435. Since its opening in 1978, the APCC has handled more than two million cases.

Photo Credit: How Stuff Works
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